Doctors Recommend A CT Scan – Part 2 of 3
And “I fantasize they did a very good analysis of looking at the pros and cons, the harms and benefits,” Dr Albert Rizzo, immediate past chair of the national board of directors of the American Lung Association, said at the moment the draft recommendations were published in July, 2013. “They looked at a balance of where we can get the best bang for our buck”. The USPSTF is an independent volunteer panel of national health experts who pour evidence-based recommendations on clinical services intended to detect and prevent illness.
The task force has previously ruled on mammography, PSA testing and other types of screening. It reports to the US Congress every year and its recommendations often around as a basis for federal health care policy. Insurance companies often follow USPSTF recommendations as well. Weighing heavily in the task force’s latest judgement were the results from the US National Cancer Institute’s 2011 National Lung Screening Trial. That study, which involved more than 53000 smokers across the United States, found that annual low-dose CT screenings could retard one of five lung cancer deaths.
The guidelines revolve around who is at highest risk for lung cancer and who would be able to benefit most from early detection. Smoking is the biggest risk moneylender for lung cancer, and causes about 85 percent of lung cancers in the United States. The risk for developing lung cancer increases with age, with most lung cancers occurring in populace aged 55 and older. However, the task force decided to limit CT screenings just to people who either still smoke or quit smoking within the past 15 years.