Scientists Oppose The Use Of Antibiotics For Livestock Rearing – Part 1 of 3
Scientists Oppose The Use Of Antibiotics For Livestock Rearing. As experts prolong to sound alarm bells about the rising resistance of microbes to antibiotics occupied by humans, the United States Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday Dec 2013 announced it was curbing the use of the drugs in livestock nationwide. “FDA is issuing a plan today, in collaboration with the brute health industry, to phase out the use of medically important for treating human infections antimicrobials in food animals for production purposes, such as to enhance growth rates and improve feeding efficiency,” Michael Taylor, proxy commissioner for foods and veterinary medicine at the agency, said during a Wednesday morning press briefing. Experts have long stressed that the overuse of antibiotics by the meat and poultry vigour gives dangerous germs such as Staphylococcus and C difficile a prime breeding ground to develop mutations around drugs often used by humans.
But for years, millions of doses of antibiotics have been added to the board or water of cattle, poultry, hogs and other animals to produce fatter animals while using less feed. To try and limit this overuse, the FDA is asking pharmaceutical companies that make antibiotics for the agribusiness industry to change the labels on their products to limit the use of these drugs to medical purposes only. At the same time, the agency will be phasing in broader oversight by veterinarians to insure that the antibiotics are used only to study and prevent illness in animals and not to enhance growth.
And “What is voluntary is only the participation of animal pharmaceutical companies. Once these labeling changes have been made, these products will only be able to be used for therapeutic reasons with veterinary oversight. With these changes, there will be fewer approved uses of these drugs and extant uses will be under tighter control”. The most common antibiotics used in feed and also prescribed for humans affected by the altered rule include tetracycline, penicillin and the macrolides, according to the FDA.